Revelation of the Qur’an

11 Apr

Whom Should We Worship?
Authorship: Majed S. Al-Rassi
Short Link: http://IslamHouse.com/431561

Following the distortion of the previous scriptures, Allah,the Most Compassionate, did not leave human beings to go astray without an unadulterated reference. Indeed, He revealed the Qur’an and promised to preserve it as the final revelation to humankind for all times. It is the Word of Allah which Herevealed to Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him) through the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon him). It was revealed in parts (fragments) of different lengths over a period of 23 years.

Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him) recited the Revelation to his Companions, who wrote it down during his lifetime on palm leaves, parchment, animal bones (the shoulder-blades of camels made a good writing surface), and flat stones. At the same time, he indicated the precise location where each revealed section belonged in the body of the complete volume of the revelation. In addition, the Qur’an was memorized by hundreds of Prophet Muhammad’s Companions. One year after the death of Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him), the first Caliph, Abu Bakr (radiya Allâhu ‘anhu – may Allah be pleased with him), instructed the Prophet’s Companions to collect the whole Qur’an in one volume. Later, the third Caliph ‘Uthmân (may Allah be pleased with him), prepared several copies from the original text and sent them to the major centres of the Islamic civilization.

One of these seven reproductions still remains, and is kept in Istanbul, Turkey. From that time onwards, more than 1400 years ago, the same Qur’anic text has been in use with the exact wording, order and language (Arabic). Not a single word from its 114 chapters, 6200 verses, and approximately 80,000 words hasbeen changed since it was revealed. Indeed, Allah has promised in the Qur’an to preserve it forever. He has said: {Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qur’an and indeed, We will be its guardian.} (Qur’an 15: 9) Just ponder over the fact that the Qur’an, in its entirety, is memorized by millions of people, regardless of age, sex, social class, or ethnicity! It is the only book that has been thus preserved, not only on the shelf but in the hearts of humankind.

The Qur’an supersedes all previous scriptures. Allah has said to Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him) about the Qur’an:{And We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the scripture and as a criterion over it…} (Qur’an 5: 48)

An essential point to understand about the Qur’an is that it is a miracle in terms of both its revelation and its content. At the time of the revelation and since, there have been those who have denied the divine and miraculous nature of the Qur’an saying that Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him) was either taught by others or that he wrote it by himself! In order to counteract this claim, Allah has presented a challenge to the whole of humankind saying:{And if you are in doubt about what We have sent down upon Our servant [Muhammad], then produce a chapter the like
thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah, if you should be truthful.} (Qur’an 2: 23)

These are some of the prophecies which the Qur’an has foretold, as no one from the time of Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him), until this day, has been able to produce the like of one chapter or even a verse of the Qur’an.
As such, Muslims do not need any other scriptures to base their
faith on, either fully or partially. The Qur’an remains clear and
easily understood by anyone who has a good command of the Arabic language. All its legal injunctions and instructions are clear when the meanings of its words are translated into any of the world’s languages.

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