This includes belief in the following:
a) Allah knows everything. His knowledge is not bound by time. Past, present and future are all known to Him.
b) Everything which takes place is already written in a book called the ‘Preserved Tablet’.
c) Allah has created everything, including the actions of people, the good and the bad. However, He has commanded people to do good deeds and forbade them from doing evil.
d) One must believe that everything that happens in this universe is happening with Allah’s permission, and nothing can take place against His Will. It should be noted that Allah’s prior knowledge of things does not mean that human beings have no choice. Human beings choose, but Allah knows their choices prior to their choosing and actions. He merely allows them to follow through with their decisions.